Understanding normal visual development in infants is essential to maintaining your child’s visual health. A baby’s vision goes through many changes during their first year of life, so it’s important to have a doctor monitor your baby’s visual development. Today, our reliable optometrist talks about the milestones for children’s eyesight from infancy to early childhood.
Newborns are highly sensitive to bright environments because of their small pupils. Thanks to pupil widening and retinal formation, by the time your baby is a few weeks old, they can now appreciate various colors and differentiate sizes and shapes. Once they are a month old, their focusing ability will begin to take shape. This is when your baby begins to show interest in nearby objects.
Two to Four Months
The eyes of a two-month old baby can still have problems coordinating with each other, which is why they can sometimes appear crossed. However, this problem typically resolves itself after a while. A two- to four-month-old baby is also learning how to use their eyes to follow moving objects. By the time they are four months old, your baby’s eye-arm coordination and tracking is good enough for them to reach for moving things that are nearby.
Five to Eight Months
A five-month-old baby has developed depth perception skills that let them reach for objects that are near or far. You can also expect a five- to eight-month-old baby to recognize your face, even if you are on the other side of the room. We recommend visiting an eye center to have your baby’s eyes checked as early as their sixth month. Your doctor needs to check for signs of potential vision problems. When your baby turns eight months old, they will begin to crawl around. At this point, their hand-eye coordination skills have improved.
Nine to Twelve Months
At nine to twelve months old, you can start to see your baby’s final eye color. Your baby now has a fairly good sense of how close or far away an object is. This is helpful because they now begin to explore and improve fine motor skills by standing, walking, throwing and grasping.
After your baby turns one, they should have an intact sense of sight and a growing interest in their surroundings. Many refractive errors, like nearsightedness, develop during childhood, so we recommend scheduling routine eye exams for your child. This way, your doctor can detect and prevent visual problems.
Lifetime Vision Source can help safeguard your baby’s vision with our pediatric eye exam and other eye care services. Our doctors genuinely care about your family’s health, which is why we offer a warm and welcoming environment to all of our patients. We want you to feel comfortable talking about your family’s needs. Call us at (701) 864-3777 to learn more about your baby’s visual development, or to make an appointment. We serve patients in Jamestown, ND.